Climate change in the Arctic is not just a local problem – it’s a global problem. Climate change is faster and more severe in the Arctic than in most of the rest of the world. The Arctic is warming at a rate of almost twice the global average.
The sea ice that is a critical component of Arctic marine ecosystems is projected to disappear in the summer within a generation.
The icebergs of the Antarctic have now started appearing with the size of Manhattan Island or the city of Chicago. A fleet of them could be very impressive, but consider the sea-level rise from them.
A small temperature shift can have enormous implications
Even an increase of 2°C could be too much. A slight shift in temperature, bringing averages above the freezing point, will completely alter the character of the region.
- As snow and ice melt, the ability of the Arctic to reflect heat back to space is reduced, accelerating the overall rate of global warming.
- Some Arctic fisheries will likely disappear.
- We are likely to see more forest fires and storm damage to coastal communities in the Arctic.
- Glaciers, sea ice and tundra will melt, contributing to global sea level rises.
- A warmer Arctic could halt the Gulf Stream, which brings warmer water and weather to north-western Europe.
As we drift towards severe warming of the planet, ice is drifting away. 300 billion tonnes is now estimated to be lost each year, with the increase every year even more worrying. Antarctica and Greenland are the main sources of glacier ice (99.5%), while the marine Arctic ice has almost given up on maintaining its relatively-thin surface layer. GRACE is the name of the pair of satellites involved in a useful survey of the earth’s gravitational field, meaning Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment. Surface water mass is calculated from these figures, allowing for several connections such as the elastic deformation of the earth itself!
The first decadal figures from 2002-2012 reveal a new measurement of the perplexing ice loss. Not enough data exists to analyse the loss properly in Greenland, so the sea-level rise that is estimated could be fairly low. While El Nino and La Nina and other oceanic changes explain some relatively-natural effect on the melt, it does seem as though human emissions of greenhouse gases will be responsible for the increase we now see every year. However, the paper does indicate that by 2100 we will have an extra 43cm of sea-level rise (above any linear trend or, in other words, without the acceleration) if the trend continues. And there is precious little effort so far that is having any effect on limiting the emissions’ damage.
Scientists only agree on the linear rise in sea level. Acceleration like this is due either to humans producing more global warming, or natural cycles that influence the extent of the ice. It would be wrong to compare this accurate forecasting approach with the complacency politicians had when first faced with the bitter truth of global warming.
We all know now that we are facing a problem we cannot solve. We simply must prevent it getting any worse.
Ice disappearance accelerates By Dave Armstrong –
Antarctic iceberg image; Credit: © Shutterstock
In 1994, the Long Island Sound Study found that roughly 53,700 tons of nitrogen were entering Long Island Sound annually as a result of development patterns – the majority of which is from sewage. While groundwater with nitrogen concentrations above 10 mg/Liter is toxic to humans, coastal ecosystems are far more sensitive to nitrogen. American Analytical is working with a manufacturer involved in the Suffolk County Advanced Septic Pilot program and will sample and test effluents from various waste water treatment systems installed throughout the County. The system uses an extended aeration activated sludge process in which microorganisms treat the waste water, and remain in the treatment process for a longer period of time, thereby reducing nitrogen up to 80%.
Nitrogen impacts Long Island’s coastal marshlands, causes harmful algal blooms (HABs) including Red and Brown Tide, and weakens and destabilizes the natural infrastructure in place to protect Long Island against erosion and storms. From 1974 to 2001, there was an 18 to 36 percent loss in tidal wetlands in the Great South Bay as a result of factors including excess nitrogen entering the watershed. As part of ongoing efforts to bolster New York’s coastal resiliency, Governor Cuomo, NYSDEC and other state agencies are working to address longstanding waste water issues to protect Long Island’s sole source aquifer. These waters contribute to the 43 local farmers markets on Long Island, bring in over $4.7 billion in tourism industry, $240 million in agricultural sales, and water over 35,975 acres of farmland.
“There’s nothing more important to the sustainability and livability for Long Island than clean water, ” said Adriennne Esposito of the Citizens Campaign for the Environment.
Did you know…
In 1987, Long Island Sound became part of the National Estuary Program, a program established by Congress to protect and improve the waters, habitats, and living resources of estuaries across the country. There are 28 estuaries that are supported by this program.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of water where freshwater from rivers and streams mixes with salt water from the ocean. It creates critical natural habitats for thousands of species of birds, mammals and fish, as well as other wildlife. Estuaries also provide environmental protection for wetlands and salt marshes, filtering out much of the sediments and pollutants, creating cleaner and clearer water, as well as preventing erosion and stabilizing shorelines.
American Analytical provided their laboratory services to a national environmental consulting firm working at several marine terminals along the Delaware River.
The contractor collected multiple sediment sample borings from within each of the terminals waters.
The purpose of the investigation was to evaluate and continually improve dredging and dredged material management activities such that navigational – commercial and recreational – needs are met while meeting environmental protection, restoration and enhancement goals.
American Analytical had been retained to analyze the sediment samples on an expedited schedule for a wide array of constituents, including geotechnical, organic, inorganic and wet chemistry parameters.
Our approach to business is guided by commitments to the following principles:
Maintaining a safe and healthy workplace, while protecting the environment.
Maintain the highest standards of integrity; to build trust with our clients and staff.
Perceive the firm as more than just a business, and focus instead on the technical
aspects of our work, emphasizing quality, customer service and flexibility.
Our attention to environmental, social, and economic responsibility includes working within the federal and state regulations and voluntarily exceeding the regulatory requirements in order to be innovative and demonstrate leadership on the issues that are important to us and our stakeholders.
We commit to:
Minimize environmental impacts in the areas of waste, water, energy, and air quality. Create innovative approaches to minimize negative environmental impacts, improve economic bottom line, and integrate energy efficiency and waste reduction into our daily operations.
American Analytical is a certified, full-service analytical laboratory specializing in environmental testing procedures. We provide organic, inorganic, wet chemistry and specialty analytical testing of contaminants in various matrices. With 5,000 square feet of state-of-the-art laboratory space, along with our scientists and support staff, we maintain the facilities and infrastructure to support any project regardless of size or complexity.
Soil Analysis and Comprehensive Site Investigations:
- Soil Characterization for excavation and disposal
- NYCRR Part 375 Analysis, TCL/TAL Analysis
- Library Search (TIC)
- Volatile and Semi Volatile Analysis
- PCB’s, Pesticides, Herbicides
- Metals and Mercury Analysis
Water & Wastewater Analysis
- Discharge Permits / SPDES and NPDES
- Compliance orders
- Permit Renewals
Underground Storage Tank (UST)
- CP 51 testing for Volatiles and Semi Volatiles
- Heavy Metals Analysis
- BTEX, TPH, PAH analysis
Sediment and Dredged Material Analysis
- Organic and Inorganic Analysis
- MEP / MET Preparation and Analysis
- NYS DEC Upland Disposal Protocols
Advanced QA / QC Protocols
- Category B type packages
- Customized Electronic Data Deliverables (EDD’s)
- Comparison spreadsheets
Discover the American difference: Contact us today!
Our sample receiving department is the first point of contact with your samples. Our sample coordinators review every order to ensure all sample conditions, documentation and container requirements are within compliance. They input pertinent data into our Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS), and ensure samples are stored according to EPA requirements. Then, the samples continue to our technical departments for analysis.
Our organic chemistry department is where analysis of a large assortment of organic compounds takes place. Most of these methods require a solvent extraction process and are analyzed using gas chromatography systems, including mass-spectroscopy, for the analysis of organic contaminants, Pesticides, Herbicides, PCBs, Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Semi-Volatile and Volatile (Aromatic and Halogenated) contaminants.
Our inorganic chemistry department is the most versatile area of our laboratory. We offer a large spectrum of analytical testing ranging from standard wet-chemistry techniques, such as Ammonia, Nitrogen, Oil and Grease, and Total Suspended Solids (TSS), to ICP Metals; key items in most wastewater discharge permits. Our state certification covers all general chemical analyses normally included in such NPDES permits.
American has been providing analytical chemistry data to clients throughout the Tri State area for over two decades. Our commitment to delivering the highest quality data available is rooted in a clear and confident understanding of current EPA, ASTM and State Specific Methodologies. The need for analytical testing can be as vast as it can be unique. American’s sample capacity grants us the ability to handle large projects and individual samples fluidly.
We are able to make decisions quickly and efficiently in order to customize your experience. Because every project is unique, our approach is customized to ensure your project is a success.
ITS ALL ABOUT YOU
Our commitment to quality and accuracy are paramount, but our focus is you. Providing you dependable data just is not enough. How you receive that data and your experience should never be overlooked. That is why we have a multitude of EDD (Electronic Data Deliverables) at our disposal. This ensures that you get the data you need, when and how you need it.
American Analytical is currently providing environmental testing and analytical support services to a contractor working under the Division of Environmental Remediation (DER) of the Department of Environmental Conservation at a site in Brooklyn, NY.
Based upon investigations conducted to date, the primary contaminants of concern are PCBs.
Building material (brick and mortar) contained PCB concentrations in excess of 50 ppm, the New York State and Federal Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) definition of PCB hazardous waste, in 35 percent of the 165 analyzed samples. The site presents a significant environmental threat due to the potential for PCB releases from source areas both within and beneath the building.
American analyzed solid, soil, liquid and wipe samples for PCB analysis on an emergency expedited turn-around, coupled with full suite Form U parameters for off-site disposal of PCB-contaminated building materials.
To do good work, we often reach for a vague thing we call inspiration. It’s hard to pin it down, but you know it when you see it. Inspiration adds joy and meaning to the process of creation, whether you’re producing an aria or a PowerPoint presentation.
Sounds simple enough. So why is it that some of us are visited by only rare and fleeting spurts of inspiration, while others seem permanently driven by a grand sense of purpose? The answer may lie partly in demographics. A survey LinkedIn conducted of its members showed that women under age 29 tend to feel less inspired in general than their male peers, but that changes as they age, with women older than 65 feeling considerably more inspired than men.
What line of work you’re in also seems to matter. Creative jobs or jobs in the public interest tend to inspire people more than others, with professionals in fine arts, religious institutions and non-profit management rating their inspiration highest.
So what do you do if you fall into one of those less inspired groups, or you’ve found yourself in an unenthusiastic spell at work? One option: Turn to the 60 LinkedIn Influencers who contributed their thoughts on inspiration for this month’s feature series, “What Inspires Me.”
We’re always curious about how business heavyweights and industry thought leaders find and maintain their success. What we found after thought leaders across industries weighed in, is that consistently productive people know that they can’t wait for the perfect moment to get work done, so they keep symbols and ideas close to them that keep them motivated.
The sources of those ideas vary widely, but virtually no one in the series disputed the importance of being inspired. For some, inspiration is a memorable phrase, for others, a jarring or enlightening experience. Still others find inspiration in a key individual or group of people in their lives. Some found themselves turning back to the same work of art, piece of literature or dramatic moment again and again to re-ignite their drive. In the list below and in the full series, you’re bound to find a nugget that can inform the way you work.
People as inspiration
- Peter Greenberg, travel editor at CBS News, on what his mother taught him about the importance of talking to everyone (hint: it’s about more than just being nice).
- HotelTonight CEO and co-founder Sam Shank on his grandfather’s work ethic.
- Steve Tappin, CEO of Xinfu, on Sir Harvey Jones, the “European equivalent of Jack Welch” in the 1980s.
- Consultant and author Chester Elton on a radio station manager who made homeless people smile.
- Virgin Group Founder Richard Branson on what he calls “game-changing people,” including the Virgin Galactic Team.
- Steve Rubel, chief content strategist at Edelman on the ear-to-ear scar that’s a constant reminder of his childhood brain surgery, and how that shapes his worldview.
- CNBC anchor Herb Greenberg on the sting of an early career rejection and its motivating power.
- Caryn Seidman Becker, chairman and CEO of CLEAR, on New York’s unity in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 attacks.
Inspiration via art, music and sports
- Claire Diaz-Ortiz, manager of social innovation at Twitter, on why she reads not a few, but 200 books every year.
- Beyond Philosophy CEO Colin Shaw on the huge impact hearing Pink Floyd for the first time had on him.
- Venture capitalist Esther Dyson on what she took away from the opening ceremony of the London Olympics.
Read them all, and then tell us what inspires you: What do you do to get over the hump when inspiration is out of reach?
Featured on: What Inspires Me
Posted by: Francesca Levy
Your Inspiration Roadmap: Get Motivated